Validation of the TAPS-1: A Four-Item Screening Tool to Identify Unhealthy Substance Use in Primary Care

Gryczynski J, McNeely J, Wu LT, Subramaniam G, Svikis D, Cathers L, Sharma G, King J, Jelstrom E, Nordeck CD, Sharma A, Mitchell S, O’Grady KE, Schwartz RP (2017). Validation of the TAPS-1: A Four-Item Screening Tool to Identify Unhealthy Substance Use in Primary Care. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 32(9), 990-996.